re.dicu-lous

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narcolepsy

definition – chronic sleep disorder characterized by overwhelming drowsiness and sudden attacks of sleep

etymology – French word narcolepsie created by French physician Jean-Baptiste-Édouard Gélineau by combining the Greek narke numbness, stupor and lepsis attack, seizure

causes – possible genetic conditions/diseases are associated with an increase in an individual’s risk of having the disorder, some cases caused by autoimmune disease, reduced numbers of protein-producing neurons in the brain

symptoms – excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS), disturbed nocturnal sleep, disorder of REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, cataplexy, sleep paralysis, hypnagogic hallucinations, automatic behavior, insomnia

–      Cataplexy: episodic condition featuring loss of muscle function, ranging from slight weakness to complete body collapse

–      Sleep paralysis: temporary inability to talk or move when waking

–      Hypnagogic hallucinations: vivid, often frightening, dreamlike experiences that occur while dozing, falling asleep and/or while awakening

–      Automatic behavior: person continues to function during sleep episodes, but awakens with no memory of performing such activites

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Filed under: Pathology, Phase 1

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